Lilly Pijnenburg Muller Researcher in politics, security and technology
The intersection between politics, security and technology is at the heart of my work. I speak, write and teach on a range of topics concerning these issues, such as how cyber threats are understood and their effects on individuals, organisations and states, capacity building, resilience, deterrence and expertise. My current research focuses on the role technology plays in shaping perceptions of threat. I try to think about the construction and practice of security with and through technology, and their broader effects on the international.
With a focus on the role of technology in threat construction, my current research draws on cybersecurity as a case study to explore the interface between knowledge production, algorithms and decision making. With the aim to understand today’s emergent machine learning techniques, I emphasise their impact on offensive cyber operations, and their effects on how security is understood. I am especially interested in the role machine learning (frequently referred to as artificial intelligence) plays in creating knowledge of and decision making in cybersecurity.
The dance of agency between human and machine seamlessly moves in the construction of threats, neither working without the other, the two becoming one as knowledge is constructed of what the threat is.